Bursera microphylla, elephant tree, torote colorado, copal. Pdf chemical composition and in vivo antiinflammatory activity. The genus bursera belongs to the family burseraceae and. Pdf antiinflammatory properties of bursera morelensis. Parthenocarpy and seed predation by insects in bursera. Oct 28, 2003 coevolution has long been considered a major force leading to the adaptive radiation and diversification of insects and plants. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region it is used in the treatment of dropsy, dysentery and yellow fever. Parthenocarpy and seed predation by insects in bursera morelensis article pdf available in annals of botany 1025. Antiinflammatory properties of bursera morelensis ramirez essential oil. Oct 28, 2003 the lineage of blepharida verdeae, which attacks the squirting bursera rzedowski, bursera morelensis, and b. The tree lysiloma microphyllum fabaceae dominates in the seasonally tropical dry forests of central mexico.
Virginia tech dendrology fragrant bursera burseraceae bursera fagaroides kunth engl. The atlas of florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Bursera 50 species is found in tropical america, with its centre of diversity in mexico. Zimmerman agroforestry research specialist ii, university of the virgin islands agricultural experiment station, kingshill, st. Deciduous tree, fast growing up to 20 to 50 feet tall 615 m.
Synchronous coadaptation in an ancient case of herbivory pnas. Inhibitory effects of lupenederived pentacyclic triterpenoids from bursera simaruba on hsv1 and hsv2 in vitro replication. Frontiers the occurrence of seedlessness in higher plants. Infusions made from the bark of this species have been used for the.
In its best development this is one of the handsomest and most striking trees of the sonoran desert. Pdf sex ratio, size distribution and nitrogen resorption in the. Parthenocarpy, attractiveness and seed predation by birds in bursera morelensis article pdf available in journal of arid environments 759. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the university of south florida and other herbaria. Pdf parthenocarpy, attractiveness and seed predation by. The plants database includes the following 3 species of bursera.
Distribution of the community of frugivorous birds along a. Estimation of gene flow into fragmented populations of bursera simaruba burseraceae in the dryforest life zone of puerto rico. View picture of bursera species, elephant tree, torote bursera microphylla at daves garden. Bursera, named after the danish botanist joachim burser 15831639, is a genus with about 100 described species of flowering shrubs and trees varying in size up to 25 m 82 ft high. Carlos almazannunez, maria del coro arizmendi, luis e. Bursera morelensis is the dominant species of the tropical. A similar hypothesis has been extended to pistacia lentiscus l. Bursera fagaroides in autumn perhaps this is the nicest species of the genus, it has a thick caudex and leaves that release a delightful citrus odour when crushed.
Deoxypodophyllotoxin showed high activity in the kb and ps test systems. Itis taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Pdf anticandida activity of bursera morelensis ramirez. The ecology of this species is remarkable because it is a large to 25 m. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Department of agriculture agricultural research service. This page was last edited on 12 december 2019, at 20. Bursera morelensis is a dioecious tree endemic to mexico. These are primarily included because names of species rank are. It is easily distinguished from its congeners by its large, obovoid fruits and bony pyrene. Full text full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Pdf bursera morelensis ramirez is an endemic tree from mexico that posses a relatively higher quantity of essential oil respect to others. A key to the south american species ofbursera is provided.
Anticandida activity of bursera morelensis ramirez essential oil and two compounds. Previously reconstructed molecular phylogenies of bursera and blepharida were used in this study fig. It has been used for centuries as incense for religious ceremonies, as a food preservative, and as a treatment for several illnesses. Anticandida activity of bursera morelensis ramirez. Our dedicated information section provides allows you to learn more about mdpi. Cytotoxic agents from bursera morelensis burseraceae. It is widespread across much of mexico from sonora to oaxaca, and its range extends just into arizona in the united states, although some sources suggest that it may now be extirpated in arizona this plant is a shrub or tree growing up to 10 meters 33 feet. Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following locations. Commonly 80 to 100 ft in height with trunk diameters of 2 to 3 ft. A downloadable pdf document of a book in prepublication awaiting illustration.
Burseraceae definition of burseraceae by merriamwebster. Their wood is also very odoriferous, and their sap is sometimes collected by indigenous people. In this work the activity of the essential oil of b. This species is included for comparison to other species that are considered invasive. This page was last edited on 17 december 2019, at 01. Bursera inversa is the first new species of the genus to be described from south america in 90 years. Throughout southeastern asia and reaching northward to taiwan. The plant list includes 203 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus bursera.
The genus bursera belongs to the family burseraceae and has been used in traditional mexican medicine for treating various pathophysiological disorders. Bursera fagaroides fragrant bursera bursera microphylla elephant tree bursera simaruba gumbo limbo legal status. The elephant tree, bursera microphylla, is one of the signature plants of the sonoran desert. For species of the subgenus bullockia, sequences of the 5s. The essential oil of palo santo, known as guayacol, guajol or guayaco, is widely used in the perfume industry owing to its sweet and pleasant fragrance, similar to that of roses or violets. Shreve 1964, in his vegetation and flora of the sonoran desert, says. We do not intend the plant list to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. They are native often for many species endemic to the americas, from the southern united states south through to northern argentina, in tropical and warm temperate forest habitats.
The results can also be downloaded as a csv file unicode utf8 encoding see status, confidence level, source for definitions. Distribution of the community of frugivorous birds along a successional gradient in a tropical dry forest in southwestern mexico volume 31 issue 1 r. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. The plant list includes a further 26 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus bursera. Species from this genus are excellent candidates for succulent bonsais. Introduction that some plants produce fruits without seeds is a fact observed and recorded by the ancients, according to sturtevant in 1890 is the introductory statement reported in gustafsons comprehensive work regarding the subject of parthenocarpy gustafson, 1942. Burseras phylogeny was reconstructed by using sequences from the internal transcribed spacer its region and the external transcribed spacer ets region of nuclear ribosomal dna. Pdf parthenocarpy and seed predation by insects in. It lends itself perfectly to chuhin midsize bonsai. Aug 28, 2015 this page was last edited on 17 december 2019, at 01. Burseraceae definition is a family of resinous or aromatic chiefly tropical shrubs or trees order geraniales with alternate pinnately compound leaves, small. South florida, central america, west indies growth habits. Coevolution has long been considered a major force leading to the adaptive radiation and diversification of insects and plants.
Antimicrobial activity of bursera morelensis ramirez essential oil. Bursera fagaroides elephant tree, fragrant bursera bursera hindsiana copal, torote prieto bursera microphylla elephant tree, torote colorado, copal. Diverse patterns of stored water use among saplings in seasonally dry tropical forests. All species of the genus bursera burseraceae have seeds covered by a. Burseraceae definition is a family of resinous or aromatic chiefly tropical shrubs or trees order geraniales with alternate pinnately compound leaves, small greenish usually panicled flowers, and drupaceous fruit. Browse pictures and read growth cultivation information about elephant tree, fragrant bursera bursera fagaroides supplied by member gardeners in the plantfiles database at daves garden. In this study foliar n and p concentrations on leaf mass basis, foliar n and p resorption efficiency and proficiency, as well as the decomposition of senescent leaves of l. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anticandida activity of the essential oil extracted from b.
Bursera fragarioides is a pachycaul shrub or small aromatic tree 310 m tall with sculptural multitrunk with age, especially visible during deciduous drought periods. Seedless fruits however represent a biological paradox because they do not contribute to offspring production. Synchronous coadaptation in an ancient case of herbivory. No reference that we have lists this species as invasive in north america. Bursera excelsa, the copal, is a species of plants found along the pacific coast of mexico. Most of the species have thickened trunks, often with decorative barks. The agroforestry systems maintain on average 59% sd 11. Such fruits are favorable to growers, because they are set independently of successful pollination, and to processors and consumers, because they are easier to deal with and to eat. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and uptodate information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in. The pinnate leaves are aromatic with a strong scent of camphor. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Burseraceae elephant tree, torote colorado, copal origin. Notes on bursera in south america, including a new species. Bursera, named after the danish botanist joachim burser, is a genus with about 100 described species2 of flowering shrubs and trees varying in size up to 25 m high.
Usda, ars, germplasm resources information network. Page designed through the cooperative efforts of interagency itis teams. This taxon is extremely variable and hybridize in nature with sympatricaly grown species and form a taxonomically difficult group. Parthenocarpy in a broad sense includes those processes that allow the production of seedless fruits. Parthenocarpy and seed predation by insects in bursera morelensis. Get a printable copy pdf file of the complete article 311k, or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Agroforestry systems and biodiversity conservation in. Find support for a specific problem on the support section of our website.
Bursera morelensis, known as aceitillo, is an endemic tree of mexico. Germination rates of bursera simaruba seeds subjected to. Verdu and garciafayos, 1998 and bursera morelensis l. A discordant origin of traits long before or after the origin of the putative coevolutionary selective pressure must be attributed to other evolutionary processes. Text is available under the creative commons attributionsharealike license. Bursera is a small american genus related to frankincense and myrrh. Jul 30, 2004 view picture of bursera species, elephant tree, torote bursera microphylla at daves garden. Bursera morelensis ramirez belongs to the burseraceae family, which has been used for preparing resin and bark infusions for the treatment of skin wounds,14, addition to alleviate diverse pains and bruises 15. It is widespread across much of mexico from sonora to oaxaca, and its range extends just into arizona in the united states, although some sources suggest that it may now be extirpated in arizona. Molecules free fulltext anticandida activity of bursera. Plants remain dormant much of the year, leafing out only with the onset of hot summer weather. Bursera fagaroides is a species of flowering plant in the genus bursera known by the common names torchwood copal and fragrant bursera. Read on wikipedia edit history talk page print download pdf.
Plants profile for bursera microphylla elephant tree. A fundamental aspect of coevolution is that adaptations and counteradaptations interlace in time. Sep 14, 2010 estimation of gene flow into fragmented populations of bursera simaruba burseraceae in the dryforest life zone of puerto rico. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Hosted by the usgs core science analytics and synthesis. The isolation and identification of deoxypodophyllotoxin and a new lignan, 5. Copal is the spanish word used to describe aromatic resins from several genera of plants. Dhup, white dhup india, kedondong malaya, merdongdong indonesia, pagsahingin philippines, kaunicinakaunigai fiji islands. Pistacia simaruba, elaphrium subpubescens, elaphrium ovalifolium, terebinthus ovalifolia.110 587 1377 1014 71 1158 930 229 265 911 1598 1151 1299 176 1144 1133 1586 1341 838 1168 1344 92 1028 1248 251 1426 281 5 70 1110 133 2 312 1139 1054 37 467 1487 858 192 1388